How to implement inheritance in Grape resources?
Grape uses specific DSL to define endpoints in API, that’s why you can’t use base class’ instance methods in descendant resources. But there’s one trick:
#inherited class method in Ruby which is triggered every time some class inherits from ancestor class. It passes one argument - descendant class. Calling descendant’s
#instance_eval method we can place any useful stuff inside a block: methods, helpers, before-do’s, etc, in this way evaluating it in context of subclass.
class Base < Grape::API def self.inherited(subclass) super subclass.instance_eval do helpers do def current_user @current_user ||= User.find(params[:user_id]) end end # ... end end end class DocumentsResource < Base post '/documents' do @document = current_user.documents.build # ... end end
Note that it’s not real inheritance because Base class has not methods defined inside